Wessex GHN Logo

Primary Health Care

Primary Health Care, as defined at the Alma-Ata conference, called for a revolutionary redefinition of health care. Instead of the traditional "from-the-top-down" approach to medical service, it embraced the principles of social justice, equity, self-reliance, appropriate technology, decentralization, community involvement, intersectoral collaboration, and affordable cost.

The Alma-Ata Declaration on PHC envisaged a minimum package of eight elements:

  • education concerning prevailing health problems and the methods of preventing and controlling them;
  • promotion of food supply and proper nutrition
  • an adequate supply of safe water and basic sanitation
  • maternal and child health, including family planning
  • immunization against the major infectious diseases
  • prevention and control of locally endemic diseases
  • appropriate treatment of common diseases and injuries
  • provision of essential drugs.

Where appropriate, the employment of lay health workers from the community should be trained to tackle specific tasks, including education, and to provide first-level care, with appropriate referrals to secondary and tertiary health facilities


A note to our visitors
AcceptWe have updated our Privacy Policy in compliance with EU cookie legislation. Take a look at our Privacy Policy to learn how we use cookies to collect anonymous site usage information. By continuing to use this site, you are agreeing to our Privacy policy.
You'll keep being notified until you click the “Accept” button