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Bacterial infections in neonates

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Bacterial infections are a leading cause of the 2·9 million annual neonatal deaths. Treatment is usually based on clinical diagnosis of possible severe bacterial infection (pSBI).

This article presents the results of research using data from 22 studies to estimate for the first time the levels of neonatal pSBI for sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia and Latin America. 

The need-to-treat population for pSBI in these three regions is high, with ten cases of pSBI diagnosed for each associated neonatal death. Deaths and disability can be reduced through improved prevention, detection, and case management.

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